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What is Equity Mutual Funds: Meaning, Types & Benefits

Do you intend to invest your money to create higher returns for future and unforeseen events? Equity mutual funds may be what you are seeking.

  • 3,727 Views | Updated on: Dec 29, 2023

Equity mutual funds have emerged as a popular and effective investment vehicle, offering a balance between risk and potential returns, making them an attractive choice for investors seeking long-term wealth creation.

Equity mutual funds have gained popularity as a preferred investment option among many investors. However, choosing the right equity funds strategy can be daunting due to the numerous available options. Additionally, investing requires a careful and thoughtful approach to mitigate potential losses. Hence, it is crucial to have a solid understanding of the various types of investment plans that are accessible.

What are Equity Funds or Equity Mutual Funds?

Mutual funds investing primarily in equity stocks are known as “Equity Mutual Funds.” These funds can potentially create long-term wealth, making them an excellent investment alternative for capital appreciation. Equity-oriented mutual funds are a great option for long-term investors who wish to get their feet wet in the stock market.

Types of Equity Mutual Funds

Investors can invest in a range of hybrid mutual funds. The choice of the plan should be determined by the investor’s investment aim, risk profile, and investment horizon. The broad classes of equity funds include:

Large Cap Equity Funds

Large-cap funds invest largely in firms with a high market capitalization. These companies are typically well-established, stable, and have a proven track record. Large-cap funds are considered less volatile than mid-cap or small-cap funds, making them suitable for conservative investors seeking stable long-term growth. These funds may also provide regular dividends.

Mid Cap Funds

Mid-cap funds invest in companies with a medium-sized market capitalization. These companies are often in a growth phase, which presents an opportunity for investors to benefit from potential capital appreciation. Mid-cap funds can be more volatile than large-cap funds but offer a balance between stability and growth potential. These funds are appropriate for investors with moderate risk tolerance.

Large and Mid-Capitalization Funds

Big and mid-cap funds invest a minimum of 35% of their assets in both large-size (top 100 firms based on market capitalization) and mid-cap enterprises (101-250 companies in terms of market capitalization). The remaining 30% of the assets may be invested in shares other than big and mid-size, debt and money market instruments and other SEBI-approved securities.

Small Cap Equity Funds

Small-cap funds focus on companies with a small market capitalization. These companies are often in the early stages of growth or operate in niche markets. Small-cap funds tend to be more volatile and carry higher risks than large-cap and mid-cap funds. However, they also have the potential for substantial capital appreciation over the long term. Small-cap funds are suitable for investors with a high-risk tolerance and a long investment horizon.

Sector Funds

Sector funds concentrate their investments in a specific sector or industry. These funds provide investors with an opportunity to target a particular sector they believe will outperform the broader market. For example, there are sector funds dedicated to technology, healthcare, energy, financial services, and more. Sector funds can be more volatile than diversified equity funds as they are exposed to sector-specific risks.

Did You Know?

Money market products such as Treasury Bills, Commercial Papers, Certificates of Deposit, Collateral Borrowing and lending Obligation, etc., are purchased by mutual funds to diversify their holdings in the stock and bond markets. Due to these products’ high minimum order size, they are not often available to individual investors. However, retail investors can still have exposure to these assets through mutual fund schemes.

Benefits of Equity Mutual Funds

Investing in mutual funds has long been recognized as a popular and effective means of growing wealth. Among the various types of mutual funds, high-return equity mutual funds have garnered significant attention and have proven to be a valuable tool for investors seeking long-term capital appreciation.


Equity mutual funds offer investors the advantage of diversification. By pooling money from numerous investors, these funds can invest in a broad range of stocks across various sectors and industries. This diversification helps reduce the impact of individual stock volatility and spreads the risk among multiple holdings. As a result, investors can minimize their exposure to the risks associated with investing in a single stock and benefit from a more balanced portfolio.

Professional Management

One of the key advantages of equity mutual funds with high returns is that experienced and knowledgeable investment professionals manage them. These fund managers conduct in-depth research, monitor market trends, and analyze companies to identify promising investment opportunities. Their expertise allows them to make informed decisions on behalf of the investors, aiming to achieve superior returns. Investors can benefit from the skills and experience of these professionals, even if they have limited knowledge or time to devote to individual stock analysis.


Equity mutual funds offer investors liquidity, which means they can buy or sell their shares on any business day. This flexibility allows investors to access their funds quickly and easily, providing them with the freedom to enter or exit their investment positions. Unlike certain other investment options, equity mutual funds offer a high degree of liquidity, making them a preferred choice for those who value accessibility and convenience.


Equity mutual funds provide an affordable option for investors to participate in the stock market. With a relatively low initial investment requirement, individuals can gain exposure to a diversified portfolio of stocks that might otherwise be financially out of reach. Moreover, investors can benefit from economies of scale by investing in equity mutual funds, as the expenses associated with managing the fund are spread among a large pool of investors. This cost advantage enhances the overall return potential for investors.

Potential For Higher Returns

Equity mutual funds can potentially deliver higher long-term returns than other investment instruments. Historically, equity markets have demonstrated a track record of providing attractive returns over extended periods. While past performance does not indicate future results, equity mutual funds with high returns allow investors to tap into the growth potential of well-performing companies and benefit from their success. Additionally, through the power of compounding, investors can enjoy the advantages of reinvesting dividends and capital gains, further boosting their overall returns.

Factors to Consider when Investing in Equity Mutual Funds

It is necessary to be aware of certain factors that affect your investment. In the case of equity funds, these factors include your investment goals, the performance of your funds, your risk appetite, and others.

Risk Appetite

When choosing equity mutual funds, it is essential to consider your risk appetite. Some funds are more aggressive and have the potential for higher returns but also come with higher risks. On the other hand, more conservative funds offer steady growth but with lower risk. Assess your tolerance for risk before making a decision.

Investment Goals

Clearly defining your investment goals is crucial when investing in equity mutual funds. Are you investing for short-term gains or long-term wealth creation? Do you have specific financial targets, such as retirement savings or buying a house? Understanding your goals will help you choose the right funds that align with your objectives.

Fund Performance

Examining a fund’s past performance is one way to gauge its potential. Look for funds that have consistently delivered good returns over several years. However, remember that past performance is not a guarantee of future results. It is just one factor to consider among many.

Expense Ratio

The expense ratio represents the annual fees charged by the mutual fund company. Though it may seem insignificant, even small differences in expense ratios can significantly impact your overall returns over time. Compare expense ratios across funds to ensure you are getting good value for your money.

Fund Manager’s Track Record

The fund manager plays a crucial role in the performance of an equity mutual fund. Look for a fund managed by an experienced professional with a consistent track record of delivering strong returns. A skilled fund manager can navigate market fluctuations and make informed investment decisions, contributing to the fund’s success.

Risks and Returns Associated with Equity Mutual Funds

Market Volatility

Equity mutual funds are subject to market volatility because they invest in stocks. Stock prices can fluctuate significantly due to economic conditions, company performance, and investor sentiment. It is important to be prepared for the ups and downs of the market when investing in equity mutual funds.

Systematic and Unsystematic Risks

Equity mutual funds are exposed to systematic risks, which are risks associated with the overall market. For example, an economic recession or a global financial crisis can impact the entire stock market. Additionally, there are unsystematic risks specific to individual companies, such as management issues or industry-specific challenges. Diversifying your investments across different sectors can mitigate these risks.

Historical Returns

Looking at historical returns can provide insights into a fund’s performance. However, it is important to remember that past performance does not guarantee future returns. The market conditions that contributed to past successes may not be the same in the future. Consider historical returns, but also evaluate other factors before making investment decisions.

Who Should Invest in Equity Funds?

Equity funds can be a good investment option for a wide range of individuals, but they are particularly well-suited for investors with the following characteristics:

Long-Term Investment Horizon

Equity funds are best suited for investors with a long-term investment horizon, typically five years or more. This is because the stock market can be volatile in the short term, but it has historically trended upwards over the long term. Investing for the long term allows investors to ride out the ups and downs of the market and potentially reap the rewards of higher returns.

High Risk Tolerance

Equity funds are considered high-risk investments, as they are directly invested in stocks. This means that the value of your investment can fluctuate significantly in the short term. Investors comfortable with this level of risk are more likely to succeed with equity fund investments.

Sufficient Financial Cushion

Before investing in equity funds, it is important to ensure you have a sufficient financial cushion to cover your living expenses and other financial obligations. This will help you avoid selling your investments during a market downturn when they may be worth less than you paid for them.

Diversified Portfolio

Equity funds should be part of a diversified portfolio with other asset classes, such as bonds and real estate. This will help reduce your portfolio’s overall risk and stabilise it.

Here are some specific examples of investors who may benefit from investing in equity funds:

Young Investors Just Starting to Save for Retirement

Young investors have a long time horizon and are, therefore, more likely to be able to weather the ups and downs of the stock market. They can also afford to take on more risk, as they have more time to recover from losses.

Investors Saving for a Long-Term Goal

Equity funds can be a good way to save for a long-term goal, as they have the potential to grow your money at a faster rate than other types of investments.

Investors Comfortable With Risk and Are Looking for High Returns

Equity funds can offer the potential for high returns but also come with the risk of significant losses. Investors comfortable with this level of risk may be willing to accept the potential for higher returns in exchange for the added risk.

Investors who are risk-averse or have a short-term investment horizon should consider other types of investments, such as bonds or money market funds.

Tips for Building a Strong Equity Mutual Fund Portfolio

Having a strong portfolio to get more from your investments and a backup plan to bear any losses is important. A good portfolio will help diversify the losses and keep you safe during adverse times.

Asset Allocation

Allocate your investments across different types of equity mutual funds to diversify your portfolio. Consider investing in large, mid-, and small-cap funds to spread the risk. Additionally, diversify across different sectors to avoid concentration in one area.

Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing

Keep a close eye on your equity mutual fund portfolio and regularly review its performance. Rebalancing involves adjusting the portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation. If certain funds have performed exceptionally well or poorly, rebalancing ensures that your portfolio stays aligned with your investment goals.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Consider investing through a systematic investment plan (SIP). A SIP allows you to invest a fixed amount at regular intervals, regardless of market conditions. This strategy reduces the impact of market volatility and helps in rupee cost averaging.


Focused equity funds are a solid investment choice for individuals who are looking for long-term wealth appreciation through exposure to the equity market. This may be accomplished through investing in equities. When compared to traditional savings vehicles, they have the ability to offer returns that are respectable after taking into account the consequences of inflation.

Key Takeaways

  • Equity mutual funds are a popular investment option that offers the potential for long-term capital appreciation.
  • Diversification and professional management are two key benefits of investing in equity mutual funds.
  • Equity mutual funds are also liquid and affordable, making them a good choice for many investors.
  • Equity mutual funds are subject to market volatility and systematic and unsystematic risks.



Is it good to invest in equity funds?

Equity funds can be a good investment for long-term investors with a high-risk tolerance. They can offer the potential for high returns, but they also come with the risk of significant losses


Are equity funds high-risk?

Yes, equity funds are considered to be high-risk investments. This is because they are directly invested in stocks, which can be volatile and unpredictable. However, this risk can also be mitigated by diversifying your portfolio and investing for the long term.


Which is better, mutual fund or equity?

Mutual funds and equity funds are both types of investments that can be used to grow your wealth. However, there are some key differences between the two. Mutual funds can invest in various assets, including stocks, bonds, and cash. Equity funds, on the other hand, only invest in stocks. This means that equity funds are generally more volatile than mutual funds but also have the potential for higher returns.


Which type of equity fund is best?

The best type of equity fund for you depends on your investment goals and risk tolerance. There are various equity funds available, each with its own investment strategy. Some common types of equity funds include large-cap funds, small-cap funds, growth funds, and value funds.

- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life

Amit Raje
Written By :
Amit Raje

Amit Raje is an experienced marketer who has worked in various Fintechs and leading Financial companies in India. With focused experience in Digital, Amit has pioneered multiple digital commerce in India. Now, close to two decades later, he is the vice president and head of the D2C business department. He masters the skill of strategic management, also being certified in it from IIMA. He has challenged his challenges and contributed his efforts in this journey of digital transformation.

Amit Raje
Reviewed By :
Prasad Pimple

Prasad Pimple has a decade-long experience in the Life insurance sector and as EVP, Kotak Life heads Digital Business. He is responsible for developing user friendly product journeys, creating consumer awareness and helping consumers in identifying need for life insurance solutions. He has 20+ years of experience in creating and building business verticals across Insurance, Telecom and Banking sectors

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