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What is Equity Mutual Funds: Meaning, Types & Benefits

If you intend to invest your money to create higher returns for future and unforeseen events? Equity mutual funds may be what you are seeking.

  • Jul 20, 2023
Amit Raje
Written By :
Amit Raje

Amit Raje is an experienced marketer who has worked in various Fintechs and leading Financial companies in India. With focused experience in Digital, Amit has pioneered multiple digital commerce in India. Now, close to two decades later, he is the vice president and head of the D2C business department. He masters the skill of strategic management, also being certified in it from IIMA. He has challenged his challenges and contributed his efforts in this journey of digital transformation.

Amit Raje
Reviewed By :
Prasad Pimple

Prasad Pimple has a decade-long experience in the Life insurance sector and as EVP, Kotak Life heads Digital Business. He is responsible for developing user friendly product journeys, creating consumer awareness and helping consumers in identifying need for life insurance solutions. He has 20+ years of experience in creating and building business verticals across Insurance, Telecom and Banking sectors

Updated on: 25 June 2023

Equity mutual funds have gained popularity as a preferred investment option among individuals. However, choosing the right equity funds strategy can be a daunting task due to the numerous options available. Additionally, investing requires a careful and thoughtful approach to mitigate potential losses. Hence, it is crucial to have a solid understanding of the various types of investment plans that are accessible.

    Key takeaways

  • Large-cap funds invest largely in firms with a high market capitalization.
  • Big and Mid-Cap Funds invest a minimum of 35% of their assets in both large-size and mid-cap enterprises.
  • Sector funds concentrate their investments in a specific sector or industry.
  • One of the key advantages of equity mutual funds is that they are managed by experienced and knowledgeable investment professionals.
  • Equity mutual funds offer investors liquidity, which means they can buy or sell their shares on any business day.

Here, we will investigate equity mutual funds and discuss the many types of equity funds, their benefits, and more.

What are Equity Mutual Funds?

Mutual funds investing primarily in equity stocks are known as “Equity Mutual Funds”. These funds have the potential to create long-term wealth, making them an excellent investment alternative for capital appreciation. Equity-oriented mutual funds are a great option for long-term investors who wish to get their feet wet in the stock market.

Types of Equity Mutual Funds

Investors can invest in a range of hybrid mutual funds. The choice of the plan should be determined by the investor’s investment aim, risk profile, and investment horizon. The broad classes of equity funds include:

Large Cap Funds

Large-cap funds invest largely in firms with a high market capitalization. These companies are typically well-established, stable, and have a proven track record. Large-cap funds are considered less volatile compared to mid-cap or small-cap funds, making them suitable for conservative investors seeking stable long-term growth. These funds may also provide regular dividends.

Mid Cap Funds

Mid-cap funds invest in companies with a medium-sized market capitalization. These companies are often in a growth phase, which presents an opportunity for investors to benefit from potential capital appreciation. Mid-cap funds can be more volatile than large-cap funds but offer a balance between stability and growth potential. These funds are appropriate for investors with moderate risk tolerance.

Large and Mid-Capitalization Funds

Big and Mid Cap Funds invest a minimum of 35% of their assets in both large-size (top 100 firms based on market capitalization) and mid-cap enterprises (101-250 companies in terms of market capitalization). The remaining 30% of the assets may be invested in shares other than big and mid-size, debt and money market instruments and other SEBI-approved securities.

Small Cap Funds

Small-cap funds focus on companies with a small market capitalization. These companies are often in the early stages of growth or operate in niche markets. Small-cap funds tend to be more volatile and carry higher risks compared to large-cap and mid-cap funds. However, they also have the potential for substantial capital appreciation over the long term. Small-cap funds are suitable for investors with a high-risk tolerance and a long investment horizon.

Sector Funds

Sector funds concentrate their investments in a specific sector or industry. These funds provide investors with an opportunity to target a particular sector they believe will outperform the broader market. For example, there are sector funds dedicated to technology, healthcare, energy, financial services, and more. Sector funds can be more volatile compared to diversified equity funds as they are exposed to sector-specific risks.

Did You Know?

Money market products such as Treasury Bills, Commercial Papers, Certificates of Deposit, Collateral Borrowing & Lending Obligation, etc., are purchased by mutual funds to diversify their holdings in the stock and bond markets. Due to these products’ high minimum order size, they are not often available to individual investors. However, retail investors can still have exposure to these assets through mutual fund schemes.

Benefits of Equity Mutual Funds

Investing in mutual funds has long been recognized as a popular and effective means of growing wealth. Among the various types of mutual funds, equity mutual funds with high returns have garnered significant attention and have proven to be a valuable tool for investors seeking long-term capital appreciation.


Equity mutual funds offer investors the advantage of diversification. By pooling money from numerous investors, these funds can invest in a broad range of stocks across various sectors and industries. This diversification helps reduce the impact of individual stock volatility and spreads the risk among multiple holdings. As a result, investors can minimize their exposure to the risks associated with investing in a single stock and benefit from a more balanced portfolio.

Professional Management

One of the key advantages of equity mutual funds with high returns is that they are managed by experienced and knowledgeable investment professionals. These fund managers conduct in-depth research, monitor market trends, and analyze companies to identify promising investment opportunities. Their expertise allows them to make informed decisions on behalf of the investors, aiming to achieve superior returns. Investors can benefit from the skills and experience of these professionals, even if they have limited knowledge or time to devote to individual stock analysis.


Equity mutual funds offer investors liquidity, which means they can buy or sell their shares on any business day. This flexibility allows investors to access their funds quickly and easily, providing them with the freedom to enter or exit their investment positions. Unlike certain other investment options, equity mutual funds offer a high degree of liquidity, making them a preferred choice for those who value accessibility and convenience.


Equity mutual funds provide an affordable option for investors to participate in the stock market. With a relatively low initial investment requirement, individuals can gain exposure to a diversified portfolio of stocks that might otherwise be financially out of reach. Moreover, by investing in equity mutual funds, investors can benefit from economies of scale, as the expenses associated with managing the fund are spread among a large pool of investors. This cost advantage enhances the overall return potential for investors.

Potential for Higher Returns

Equity mutual funds have the potential to deliver higher long-term returns compared to other investment instruments. Historically, equity markets have demonstrated a track record of providing attractive returns over extended periods. While past performance is not indicative of future results, equity mutual funds with high returns allow investors to tap into the growth potential of well-performing companies and benefit from their success. Additionally, through the power of compounding, investors can enjoy the advantages of reinvesting dividends and capital gains, further boosting their overall returns.


Focused equity funds are a solid investment choice for individuals who are looking for long-term wealth appreciation through exposure to the equity market. This may be accomplished through investing in equities. When compared to traditional savings vehicles, they have the ability to offer returns that are respectable after taking into account the consequences of inflation.

In this policy, the investment risk in the investment portfolio is borne by the policyholder.

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- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life