How to Calculate Human Life Value(HLV)?

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How to Calculate Human Life Value(HLV)?

  • 16th Nov 2021
  • 92

Buy Life Insurance Now How to Calculate Human Life Value(HLV)?

It is a known fact that while buying life insurance, you are looking at a certain amount as the coverage you require - an amount sufficient to fulfil your family’s needs after you. You often assume that the insurance agents will help you know about the entire process. However, it is always better to do some homework before you seek any kind of assistance. There are numerous ways to know about the coverage your policy can provide. One of the most reliable and easy means to accomplish this is by calculating human life value.

What is Human Life Value?

To ensure that you have picked the correct sum assured, insurers use the HLV method of calculation. HLV full form is nothing but human life value, a number that represents the present value of future income, expenses, liabilities, and assets. It is typically used to determine how much money would be needed to protect the lives of your dependents with term insurance if you were to pass away. By knowing your human life value, you can quickly arrive at an ideal sum assured amount.


HLV in insurance refers to the monetary value attached to you today to get an idea of the value of the future expenses of your loved ones. This is calculated based on the current inflation rate. It is essential to secure your loved ones by meeting the expenditure of their needs after you, which is where the whole concept of the human life value comes in handy.

Calculation of HLV in insurance becomes essential for those who are the sole breadwinners of the family. In simple words, human life value is assessed based on the family’s current expenditure. What your loved ones will incur as expenses in the future determines the amount of your HLV or human life value.

How to calculate human life value?

HLV in insurance can be calculated using a human life value calculator available on various websites. The HLV calculator calculates the income replacement using the human life value formula.

Consider this example:

If your annual income is five lakhs, of which one lakh you spend on personal expenses. The surplus amount of four lakhs, your economic value, is the remaining amount for your family. Keeping in mind the tax payable, insurance premium, retirement age, number of working years, and expected rate of return, your human life value will be 3.9 lakhs.

While understanding how to calculate human life value, it is essential to remember that inflation would significantly impact the value as it will determine the expenditure you will have. Therefore, the human life value calculator or the HLV calculator will also calculate the current inflation rate.

Steps To Calculate Human Life Value(HLV)

Step 1 - Determine your current income.

Step 2 - Subtract your expenses, insurance premiums, and income tax payments.

Step 3 - Identify the number of earning years remaining before your retirement.

Step 4 - Find the inflation and discounting factor rate.

Step 5 - Determine the current value of the required income stream by adjusting inflation.

Now that you know what human life value is, how to calculate it using the human life value formula, you can determine the right amount of sum assured and provide all-around protection for your family. With online HLV calculators, now you can quickly assess your human life value from the comfort of your home.

- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life


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