Types Of Life Insurance Policies In India

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Types of Life Insurance policies in India

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Types of Life Insurance policies in India

Know the types of Life Insurance policy to choose the right one

A life insurance policy provides financial protection to your family in the unfortunate event of your death. At a basic level, it involves paying small sums each month called premiums. At maturity of the policy, depending on the type of life insurance policy you have opted for, you will receive returns the policy may have earned over the years. Also, in case of policyholder’s untimely demise during the tenure of the policy, your family will receive a lump sum amount.

Today, there are many variations to this basic theme, and insurance policies cater to a wide variety of needs such as:

  • Planning for your retirement
  • Saving for a specific goal in the future
  • Planning for your children’s education
  • Ensuring a flow of income, in case of the loss of your ability to earn

Types of life insurance policies`

Given below are the basic types of life insurance policies. All other life insurance policies are built around these basic insurance policies by combining various other features.

1. Term Insurance Policy

A term insurance policy which is now also available as E-term insurance policy is a pure risk cover policy that protects the person insured for a specific period of time. In such type of a life insurance policy, a fixed sum of money called the sum assured is paid to the beneficiaries if the policyholder expires within the policy term.

Scenario 1: If a person buys an Rs 2 lakh policy for 15 years, his family is entitled to the sum of Rs 2 lakh if he dies within that 15-year period.

Scenario 2: If the policyholder survives the 15-year period, though the premiums are not paid returned, the family is offered financial security.


  • Income Tax exemptions:The premiums paid towards Term Insurance provides income tax exemption
  • 100% risk cover: These insurance policies provide 100% risk cover and hence they do not have any additional charges other than the basics
  • Lowest premiums: Premiums paid for term life insurance policies are the lowest in the life insurance category.

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2. Whole Life Policy

A whole life policy covers a policyholder against death, throughout his life. The validity of this life insurance policy is not defined and hence the individual enjoys the life cover throughout life. Under this life insurance policy, the policyholder pays regular premiums until his death, upon which the corpus is paid to the family.


  • Longer cover: The policy does not expire till the time any unfortunate event occurs with the individual.
  • Tax benefits: Premiums paid under the whole life policies are tax exempt.
  • Enhanced protection: Increasingly, whole life policies are being combined with other insurance products to address a variety of needs such as retirement planning, etc.

3. Endowment Policy

Endowment policies are among the popular life insurance policies as they combine risk over and financial savings. Policyholders benefit in two ways from a pure endowment insurance policy. In case of death during the tenure, the beneficiary gets the sum assured. If the individual survives the policy tenure, he gets back the premiums paid with other investment returns and benefits like bonuses..

4. Money Back Policy

This life insurance policy is preferred by many people because it gives periodic payments during the term of policy. In other words, a portion of the sum assured is paid out at regular intervals. If the policyholder survives the term, he gets the balance sum assured.


  • Corpus gain: In case of death during the policy term, the beneficiary gets the full sum assured.
  • Choice of ULIP versions: Various life insurers are also offering new ULIP versions of money back policies.
  • Tax benefits: The premiums paid and the returns accumulated though a money back policy or its ULIP variants are tax-exempt.

5. ULIPs

ULIPs are market-linked life insurance products that provide a combination of life cover and wealth creation options. A part of the amount that people invest in a ULIP goes toward providing life cover, while the rest is invested in the equity and debt instruments for maximizing returns.


  • Flexibility to invest: ULIPs provide the flexibility of choosing from a variety of fund options depending on the customer’s risk appetite one can opt for:
  • Aggressive funds: Invested largely in the equity market with the objective of high capital appreciation
  • Conservative funds: Invested in debt markets, cash, bank deposits and other instruments, with the aim of preserving capital while providing steady returns
  • Long term planning: ULIPs can be useful for achieving various long-term financial goals such as planning for retirement, child’s education, marriage etc.

6. Annuities and Pension

In these types of life insurance policies, the insurer agrees to pay the insured a stipulated sum of money periodically. The purpose of an annuity is to protect against financial risks as well as provide money in the form of pension at regular intervals.

Thus, whatever your financial requirements, there is a wide variety of insurance policies to ensure that your requirement is fulfilled as per your needs and planning.

- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life

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