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How to Download & File Form 16B Online?

When you buy property, you must deduct tax at source (TDS) from the seller's proceeds. This is where Form 16B comes in. It is a certificate issued to the seller detailing the TDS deducted from the property sale.

  • 14,867 Views | Updated on: Mar 20, 2024

Form 16B is a tax certificate issued by the buyer of an immovable property (like a house or land) to the seller. It documents the Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) on the sale of the property and serves as proof for the seller when filing their Income Tax Return (ITR). Downloading Form 16B requires the seller’s PAN, assessment year, and Form 26QB acknowledgment number.

Form 16 is a certificate for tax deducted at source (TDS) on a person’s income under the head ‘salary,’ given under section 203 of the Income Tax Act, 1961. It is given when an employer deducts tax from an employee’s salary and deposits it with the government. The document contains a full breakdown of the money paid or credited to the employee and the applicable TDS. This form is usually issued after the end of the financial year for which it is issued, in compliance with the terms of the Income-tax Act (IT Act).

Confusion often arises between Form 16A and Form 16B during the filing process. It is crucial to recognize that each form serves distinct purposes despite being part of the same certificate. Taxpayers need to understand the specific functions of these forms to streamline the tax filing procedure effectively.

What is Form 16B?

Primarily, Form 16B functions as a TDS certificate provided by a purchaser (deductor) to a seller. It facilitates taxpayers in verifying the total tax deducted at the source when purchasing a property. This deducted tax amount is then deposited with the Income Tax Department by the deductor. Form 16B provides a detailed account of the total TDS deducted in property sale transactions.

TDS on immovable property falls under Section 194-IA of the ITA. However, TDS does not apply to agricultural and immovable properties with a sale value below ₹50 lakh. According to Section 194, buyers must deduct TDS at a rate of 1% while receiving payment and issue Form 16B to the seller after depositing the tax amount with the IT Department.

Unlike Form 16, a TDS certificate for salary, and Form 16A, a TDS certificate for non-salary income, Form 16B verifies the TDS applicable to property sale proceeds, and the certificate can be downloaded from the portal.

What are the Components of Form 16B?

Key components of Form 16B are essential for efficient tax filing. These components include the following:

  • Seller’s PAN
  • Assessment Year
  • Payment Acknowledgment Number
  • Breakup of Salary Paid
  • Deductions under ITA
  • Reliefs under Section 89.

What is the Due Date of Form 16B?

The issuance of Form 16B is mandatory in India, and failure to do so incurs a penalty of ₹100 per day. The deductor must provide this form to the payee within 15 days from the due date of furnishing challan-cum-statement in Form 26QB.

How to Download Form 16B Online?

Filing Form 16B online in India involves two distinct steps, downloading and submitting the form to the concerned authorities. Here is a breakdown for both:

Downloading Form 16B

If you are the property buyer for which TDS was deducted, you must download Form 16B. Download it from the TRACES (TDS Reconciliation Analysis Correction Enabling System) porta. Now follow these steps:

  • Register or log in to TRACES using your PAN.
  • Go to the Downloads tab.
  • Select Form 16B (For Buyer).
  • Enter the following details:
  • Assessment Year: Year for which TDS was deducted (e.g., 2023-2024)
  • Acknowledgment Number: Unique number generated when TDS was deducted.
  • PAN of Seller: Seller’s PAN number.
  • Click proceed, confirm the details, and submit the request.
  • Note the request number for tracking purposes.
  • Go to Requested Downloads to download the form.
  • Find your request using the request number and click HTTP Download.

Filing Form 16B

You do not need to file Form 16B anywhere. Downloading it serves as your record of the TDS deducted on the property purchase. However, the information in Form 16B is crucial when filing your Income Tax Return (ITR). You will need the details like the TDS amount and transaction details to claim credit for the TDS deducted.

What is the Difference Between Form 16A and 16B?

When filing their forms, taxpayers frequently mistake Form 16A and Form 16B. Despite the fact that they are all part of the same certificate, each form serves a different purpose. Both Form 16A and Form 16B are certificates issued in India related to tax deducted at source (TDS), but they serve different purposes and have distinct characteristics.


Form 16A

Form 16 B

Type of income

Income other than salary (e.g., interest income, rent income, professional fees)

Income from the sale of immovable property (non-agricultural)

Minimum income requirement

No minimum income requirement

Applies only if the property sale value is above Rs. 50 lakh


Financial institutions, companies, individuals paying rent, etc.

Property buyer

TDS rates

Varies depending on the type of income

1% of the sale value

Purpose of certificate

Helps claim credit for TDS on non-salary income

Helps seller claim credit for TDS deducted on property sale

Way Forward

Form 16B is important for TDS deductions in property transactions and contributes to the efficiency of the tax filing system. Understanding its significance and adhering to the due dates and procedures outlined ensures a robust and compliant taxation process for individuals involved in property transactions. To greatly simplify the tax filing process, taxpayers must learn about their individual reasons to make the process more streamlined and smoother. It is important to know the details so the formalities can be looked into correctly.a

Key Takeaways

  • Form 16B primarily functions as a TDS certificate the buyer (deductor) provides to the seller in property transactions.
  • TDS is not applicable to agricultural and immovable properties with a sale value below ₹50 lakh.
  • Buyers must deduct TDS at a rate of 1% while receiving payment and issue Form 16B to the seller after depositing the tax amount.
  • Issuance of Form 16B is mandatory in India, with a penalty of ₹100 per day for non-compliance.
  • The deductor must provide Form 16B to the payee within 15 days from the due date of furnishing challan-cum-statement in Form 26QB.

- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life

Amit Raje
Written By :
Amit Raje

Amit Raje is an experienced marketer who has worked in various Fintechs and leading Financial companies in India. With focused experience in Digital, Amit has pioneered multiple digital commerce in India. Now, close to two decades later, he is the vice president and head of the D2C business department. He masters the skill of strategic management, also being certified in it from IIMA. He has challenged his challenges and contributed his efforts in this journey of digital transformation.

Amit Raje
Reviewed By :
Prasad Pimple

Prasad Pimple has a decade-long experience in the Life insurance sector and as EVP, Kotak Life heads Digital Business. He is responsible for developing user friendly product journeys, creating consumer awareness and helping consumers in identifying need for life insurance solutions. He has 20+ years of experience in creating and building business verticals across Insurance, Telecom and Banking sectors

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