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Different Types Of Life Insurance In India

Prospective policyholders in India have access to a variety of life insurance policies. Based on their specific individual needs, people can select the best life insurance plan. Learn about the many types of life insurance and their advantages by reading t

  • Oct 01, 2021

    Key takeaways

    Different types of Insurance plans in India are:

  • Term Life Insurance
  • Whole Life Insurance
  • Endowment Plans
  • Unit-Linked Insurance Plans
  • Pension Plans
  • Health Insurance
  • Home Insurance
  • Home Insurance
  • Fire Insurance

While nothing beats sharing your most cherished memories with your loved ones, these times are fleeting. Providing stability and security to your family even after you are gone is the purest and most selfless kind of love.

When it comes to securing your family and providing them with a safety anchor, life insurance is undoubtedly the most certain means.

Life Insurance:

The term “life insurance” refers to a contract between you and your insurer, where the insurer guarantees to deliver a sum of money to your beneficiaries in case of your demise. This benefit is provided in exchange for the insurance premium payments you make during the policy term. Such policies also have the provision of accidental death cover in term insurance.

Your nominee is entitled to compensation through term benefits in the event of accidental death. However, there are no reimbursements for death caused by substances if you are involved in criminal conduct or adventure sports.

Basic term insurance may appear to be the ideal option. However, you may compare online term insurance from the variety of policies mentioned below and select the best fit for your needs regarding income, age, and future financial plans.

1. Term Life Insurance

The simplest, purest type of life insurance is a term policy: If you pay a premium for a certain amount of time, usually between 10 and 30 years, your family (or anyone else you name as your beneficiary) will receive a cash payout if you pass away within that time.

However, unlike permanent life insurance, term policies have no cash value, no payout when the term expires, and no value other than a death benefit. Term life insurance is often less expensive than a permanent whole-life policy. Most term insurance policies are “level premium,” meaning your monthly premium stays the same throughout the policy’s duration.

2.Whole Life Insurance

A whole life insurance policy is more than just life insurance, to put it simply. It is a flexible financial tool that assists in building and enhancing wealth while protecting families, businesses, and other entities from uncertainty.

Whole life insurance is a type of permanent life insurance, which means that the insured person will be protected for the duration of their life as long as premium payments are made on time. Permanent life insurance does not provide protection for the insured beyond the duration of the policy (usually between 10 and 30 years).

The most popular kind of permanent life insurance that people buy is whole life insurance.

3. Endowment Plans

An endowment policy, a type of life insurance, is designed to pay out a lump sum upon maturity or death. A family can use an endowment policy to build up risk-free assets while providing them with financial stability in the case of a bad event. The simplicity of an endowment plan has made it a well-liked savings choice for all over the years.

A good endowment policy, will provide you with the peace of mind that you are prepared to tackle any upcoming financial emergency. It provides you with returns that can help you meet your non-negotiable life goals, such as paying for your child’s education or future wedding, taking care of your own wants and desires, and more.

A good endowment policy will provide you with the peace of mind that you are prepared to tackle any upcoming financial emergency. It provides you with returns that can help you meet your non-negotiable life goals, such as paying for your child’s education or future wedding, taking care of your own wants and desires, and more.

4.Unit-Linked Insurance Plans

A ULIP is a sort of insurance that covers both investing opportunities to help you meet your long-term goals and the financial security of your family. The premium for a ULIP is split into two parts. A part of it is invested in the fund of your choice, with the balance going toward your life insurance. You can invest in equities or debt funds, or a combination of the two, depending on your goals and level of risk tolerance. Because of this, ULIPs are a fantastic investment option for your family’s and your own long-term goals.

A ULIP is a sort of insurance that covers both investing opportunities to help you meet your long-term goals and the financial security of your family. The premium for a ULIP is split into two parts. A part of it is invested in the fund of your choice, with the balance going toward your life insurance. You can invest in equities or debt funds, or a combination of the two, depending on your goals and level of risk tolerance. Because of this, ULIPs are a fantastic investment option for your family’s and your own long-term goals.

5. Pension Plans

In a pension plan, businesses make the commitment to provide employees with a specified benefit for the rest of their lives once they retire. It differs from defined contribution plans, like 401(k)s, in which employees invest their own funds in an employer-sponsored investment scheme.

During World War II, pensions gained popularity and became to be a staple of benefit plans for both government employees and unionized workers. Although they are still widespread in the public sector, defined contribution plans have mostly taken their place in the private sector.

6. General Insurance

The term “general insurance” describes insurance policies that do not fit under the definition of life insurance. General insurance comes in various forms, including fire, marine, motor, accident, and other non-life insurance.

Because tangible assets are susceptible to deterioration, it is imperative to safeguard their economic value. Because they provide protection against unforeseeable events like asset loss and damage, general insurance products are bought for this purpose. General insurance products cost money in the form of premiums, just like life insurance.

7.Health Insurance

Medical and surgical costs for an insured person are covered by health insurance. Depending on the conditions of the insurance policy, either the insured pays expenses out-of-pocket and then receives a reimbursement, or the insurance provider covers expenses directly.

Health insurance is a type of insurance that pays for a policyholder’s medical and surgical costs. It either directly reimburses the costs incurred due to illness or injury, or it pays the care provider for the covered person directly.

A vehicle insurance policy is a legally required document provided by an insurance provider as a means of limiting public responsibility and safeguarding members of the public from potential road accidents. Every driver who owns a car is required by law to obtain a single automobile insurance coverage.

8. Home Insurance

A home insurance policy covers the expenditures and damage to your home or any other insured property. It is a type of general insurance product and a form of property insurance.

9. Fire Insurance

A fire insurance policy is a sort of property insurance that covers losses and damages brought on by fire to a home or business. With the help of this insurance, the policyholder is allowed to seek reimbursement for expenses related to the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of a property damaged by a fire.

10. Travel Insurance

The purpose of travel insurance is to provide protection from potential risks and financial losses. The risks can range from minor annoyances like missed flight connections and delayed luggage to more serious problems like serious injuries or illnesses.

11. Motor Insurance

A motor insurance policy is a legally required document provided by an insurance provider as a means of limiting public liability and safeguarding members of the public from potential road accidents. Every driver who owns a car is required by law to have a single motor insurance policy.

Types of motor insurance

Due to the law’s implementation, a wide range of insurance service providers has compiled numerous plans and policies, giving vehicle owners a plethora of options when it comes to motor vehicle insurance. However, because most insurance policies offer extensive coverage, it is occasionally possible for car owners to have either too little or too much insurance. This can result from their lack of knowledge regarding the various options for auto insurance and the terms of each.

Private Car Insurance

Once your automobile reservation is complete, the car dealer will advise you to purchase insurance coverage that will safeguard not only you and your car but also your family. You are shielded from any type of property or personal damage by your car insurance, which serves as defensive armor. Additionally, comprehensive coverage offered by car insurance policies protects your vehicle from all risks, such as natural disasters like earthquakes and floods, theft, damage, and accidents.

Two-wheeler Insurance

The Motor Vehicle Amendment Act of 2019 mandates two-wheeler insurance, similar to private auto insurance, with third-party and personal injury coverage. The insurance offers a comprehensive cover that shields the owner from any obligations of any kind and any personal or property harm. However, there are several exclusions in two-wheeler insurance policies, such as normal wear and tear on the vehicle.

Commercial Vehicle Insurance

As the name implies, commercial vehicle insurance is for owners of vehicles used for business purposes. They must have insurance coverage in place to ensure the smooth operation of their business. Businesses and business owners are covered by commercial vehicle insurance from any liabilities or losses resulting from accidents or property damage in which their cars are involved, including loss of life, physical injury, or property damage. Commercial vehicles such as trucks, cars, private and public carriers, taxis, etc., can be insured under this form of policy.

Tax benefit of different types of Insurance in India

Tax planning is extremely important and involves life insurance. According to the requirements of the Income Tax Act of 1961, by purchasing a life insurance plan, you are eligible to deduct certain expenses from your taxable income. This indicates that the insurance premiums you pay contribute to a decrease in your tax obligations.

Maturity proceeds for some life insurance products are also classified as exempt incomes. This means that subject to Section 10’s limitations, no tax is due on benefits received at maturity or death (10D). So life insurance policies are among the best solutions to guarantee that your family is always secured while receiving tax advantages.

Important Sections:

Section 80C: According to Section 80C’s rules, you can deduct the cost of your life insurance premiums from your taxable income. The actual deduction is limited to 10% of the lowest of the minimum capital sum insured or premium paid. Additionally, the total amount that may be deducted in accordance with Section 80C is ₹1,50,000.

Section 80CCC: Up to ₹150,000 in premium payments for pension insurance may be deducted from your taxable income. According to current tax legislation, the plan’s surrender or any pensions or annuities received are taxable.

Section 80CCE: The entire cap for deductions under Sections 80C, 80CCC, and 80CCD(1) is ₹1,50,000 under this Section..

Section 80D: You may deduct the premiums you paid for health insurance policies you purchased for yourself, your spouse, your dependent children, and your parents. These are the restrictions:

1. A deduction of ₹25,000 is permitted for the insured, their spouse, and any dependent children (up to a limit of $30,000 if the insured is 60 years or older).

2.An additional deduction of ₹25,000 is allowed from the health insurance premiums for parents (the limit is ₹30,000 if the insured person is 60 years of age or older).

Section 10(10D): Proceeds from life insurance policies are exempt, provided that Section 10 requirements are met.

Section 10(10A): Taxes are not due on money received when a pension policy is converted.


It can be difficult to decide the form of life insurance policy to purchase in India. It’s because making a choice makes you consider the unfavorable circumstances that can arise in your life. The financial aspect of investing in various life insurance plans is another consideration.

You might have assumed that from the variety of options available, you must select a life insurance policy in India. The amount of life insurance you require must, however, factor into the decision of the insurance policy.

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