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Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)

ABDM (Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission) is India's initiative to create a connected healthcare system with unique digital IDs for citizens and registries for providers and facilities.

  • 10,654 Views | Updated on: Jul 04, 2024

Formerly the National Digital Health Mission, the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) lays the digital groundwork for a unified healthcare system across India. Backed by the government, it empowers citizens to manage their health records through the secure Ayushman Bharat Digital Health ID Card. Though open to all, participation in this voluntary scheme remains entirely up to the individual.

The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) initiative is implemented by the National Health Authority (NHA). With this initiative, the Government of India aims to significantly increase the efficiency of the country’s digital health infrastructure. Digital health infrastructure refers to the applications of technology in medicine and healthcare to increase the effectiveness and transparency of the system. This blog will explore what is ABDM or what is Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission, its benefits and features, and how it is changing the face of India’s healthcare system.

What are the Objectives of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?

The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) aims to leverage digital technologies to enable universal health coverage, improve the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare delivery, and empower citizens to manage their health and wellness. The ABDM has the following objectives:

  • State-of-the-art digital systems streamline healthcare, ensuring a smooth flow of information and seamless exchange between hospitals, clinics, and doctors.
  • Accurate and reliable registries keep track of healthcare facilities, professionals, and resources, eliminating confusion and delays.
  • International-standard personal health records put your medical history at your fingertips, accessible to authorized professionals with your consent.
  • Powerful health apps aligned with global health goals empower everyone to take charge of their well-being.
  • A collaborative spirit between government and states builds a strong foundation for the mission.
  • Private healthcare providers join hands with public authorities, ensuring everyone benefits from this digital revolution.
  • No matter where you go in India, your health records follow, providing continuity of care nationwide.
  • Smart technology aids doctors in making informed decisions, improving the quality of healthcare services.
  • Data analysis drives efficient healthcare management, leading to better resource allocation and research.
  • Governance becomes more effective and transparent, benefiting everyone, from patients to policymakers.
  • Existing healthcare systems are strengthened by integrating with the digital infrastructure, creating a stronger, more unified network.

What are the Features of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?

ABDM aims to transform the country’s healthcare sector by leveraging the power of technology. It can help to create a digital health infrastructure that will improve the access, affordability, and quality of healthcare services for all citizens. Several key features make it a game-changer in the healthcare sector. Some of these features are:

Health ID

One of the most significant features of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission is the creation of a unique health ID for each citizen. This health ID will be a digital repository of an individual’s health records, including medical history, prescriptions, lab reports, and other health-related information. The health ID will allow patients to access their medical records from anywhere, and healthcare providers can access their medical history and provide better care.

Personal Health Records (PHRs)

The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission will enable citizens to create and maintain their Personal Health Records (PHRs). PHRs will allow individuals to keep track of their health and medical records, including vaccinations, allergies, chronic conditions, and other relevant information. Patients and healthcare providers can access PHRs, making it easier for doctors to provide personalized care.


This mission aims to promote telemedicine, which delivers healthcare services through digital channels. Telemedicine will enable patients to consult with doctors remotely, which is especially important for those living in remote and rural areas with limited healthcare facilities. The mission aims to create a robust telemedicine infrastructure connecting patients with healthcare providers nationwide.

Health Stack

The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission will create a digital infrastructure called the Health Stack, which will integrate various health-related systems and services. It will include the National Health Stack, a collection of digital health platforms, applications, and services made available to citizens, healthcare providers, and government agencies.

Health Analytics

The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission will also leverage the power of health analytics to improve healthcare services. Health analytics involves using data analysis tools to identify patterns and insights that can help healthcare providers improve the quality of care. The mission aims to create a robust health analytics framework that will enable healthcare providers to make data-driven decisions and improve the quality of care.

What are the Benefits of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?

The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission, launched by the Government of India, encompasses a range of benefits to enhance the healthcare ecosystem. Some of the Ayushman Bharat Digital mission benefits include:

Universal Health Coverage

The mission strives to achieve the goal of universal health coverage by providing a digital platform for citizens to access healthcare services easily, regardless of their socioeconomic background.

Digitized Health Records

Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission facilitates the creation and maintenance of digital health records for individuals. This ensures better health information management and allows for seamless sharing of medical history among healthcare providers. It can significantly improve the overall management of the healthcare system and medical research.


The mission emphasizes interoperability standards, enabling healthcare systems and devices to communicate and share data efficiently. This enhances coordination among healthcare providers and ensures a more comprehensive approach to patient care.

Telemedicine and Remote Consultations

The digital platform supports telemedicine services, making healthcare accessible to individuals in remote or underserved areas. This feature is especially crucial during emergencies and pandemics, allowing timely medical consultations without physical travel.

Efficient Healthcare Delivery

Digital technologies streamline various healthcare processes, leading to more efficient service delivery. This includes appointment scheduling, prescription management, and overall healthcare administration.

Health Analytics and Research

The aggregated health data collected through the digital platform can be utilized for health analytics and research. This information can aid in identifying health trends, formulating public health policies, and improving overall healthcare planning.

Public-Private Collaboration

The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission encourages collaboration between public and private healthcare providers. This collaboration is essential for leveraging the strengths of both sectors to enhance the overall quality and accessibility of healthcare services.

Key Components of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)

The ABDM is built on a foundation of digital tools that work together to create a connected healthcare ecosystem. Here are some of the key building blocks:

ABHA (Ayushman Bharat Health Account)

This is a unique digital health ID for every citizen. It acts like a digital passport for accessing healthcare services across India.

Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR)

This registry maintains a record of all qualified healthcare professionals in the country. It helps to improve the management of human resources in the healthcare sector.

Health Facility Registry (HFR)

This registry includes all India’s hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare facilities. It allows patients to find healthcare providers more easily.

Other Registries

ABDM may also include registries for drugs and pharmacies in the future. This would allow for better medication tracking and ensure patients are getting safe and effective drugs.

These components all work together to create a system where patients can easily access their medical records, find qualified healthcare providers, and securely share their health information with authorized personnel. This can lead to more efficient and effective healthcare delivery for everyone.

What is the Vision of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?

The vision of the ABDM is to create a national digital health ecosystem with the Ayushman Bharat Health Insurance Scheme that supports nationwide health coverage in an efficient, accessible, inclusive, and affordable way. Here are the key aspects of this vision:

  • Efficiency and Accessibility: ABDM aims to streamline healthcare processes, making it easier for both patients and providers to access and manage health information.
  • Inclusiveness and Affordability: The mission strives to ensure everyone has access to quality healthcare, regardless of background or socioeconomic status.
  • Wide Range of Services: It envisions a system offering a comprehensive range of data, information, and infrastructure services for the healthcare sector.
  • Open and Interoperable Systems: ABDM emphasizes using open standards-based digital systems that allow different healthcare platforms to communicate seamlessly.
  • Security and Privacy: The mission prioritizes robust security measures to protect the confidentiality and privacy of patients’ health data.

What are the Challenges for the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?

The benefits of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission are numerous. However, the initiative also raises concerns about data privacy and security. Some of the challenges of the ABDM are:

  • The success of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission depends on the availability of a robust and reliable technical infrastructure. The government must invest heavily in developing digital infrastructure to support the program’s implementation.
  • The mission may not be accessible to citizens who lack access to digital devices or internet connectivity. The government must address this issue by providing access to digital devices and internet connectivity in remote and rural areas.
  • The success of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission depends on the availability of a skilled workforce to implement and maintain the digital infrastructure necessary for delivering healthcare services. The government must invest in training and capacity-building programs to develop a skilled workforce.
  • The digitization of healthcare records raises concerns about the privacy and security of patient data. There is a risk of data breaches and unauthorized access to patient records, which could compromise patient privacy.
  • Implementing the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission is expected to face several challenges, including resistance from healthcare professionals, lack of awareness among citizens, and coordination challenges between different stakeholders.

How to Register and Apply for Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?

Creating an Ayushman digital health ID is the beginning of your journey for the ABDM. An ABHA account is essential to applying for the scheme. Registration for ABDM is a simple process that involves the following steps:

  • To enroll on the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission website, log in to the official website of the ABDM to generate a health ID.
  • Click on the link available for new registration.
  • You can generate your health ID using documents such as the AADHAR card.
  • Enter your AADHAR number, which is linked to your contact number.
  • Verify your AADHAR by confirming the OTP received on your linked contact number.
  • Once the verification is done, you can enter your name and a password to login in the future.
  • Now that your ID is generated, you can fill in your personal, professional, and academic details, contact information, etc. You can also add your URL for telecommunication.
  • You can preview your details and make the necessary changes if required.

Is Ayushman Bharat’s Digital Mission Compulsory?

While using Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission offers valuable advantages to beneficiaries, citizens are not mandated to opt for this and can choose to opt in if they wish to. However, it is highly recommended as it offers several benefits to the beneficiaries.

The scheme provides health insurance coverage of up to ₹5 lakhs per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. Ayushman Bharat is the world’s largest healthcare scheme and is a significant step towards achieving Universal Health Coverage in India.

Ayushman Bharat is not just a healthcare scheme but a digital mission. The scheme’s digital mission aims to use technology to streamline and improve the delivery of healthcare services across the country. The digital mission comprises electronic health records, telemedicine, health information exchange, and health analytics.

Key Takeaways

  • Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) is the Government of India’s flagship initiative to digitalize the country’s healthcare system.
  • ABDM enables all Indian citizens to keep their health records using Ayushman Bharat Digital Health ID Card.
  • It aims to create a digital infrastructure for healthcare delivery that will connect all stakeholders, including healthcare providers, patients, and other healthcare entities.
  • It will also help maintain Personal Health Records (PHRs) for every individual registered under the mission.

Way Forward

Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission is a voluntary and beneficial plan for Indian citizens to bridge the gap between different healthcare system components. This helps maintain the digital account containing the patient’s medical history, which benefits the patient and the hospital in providing efficient treatment. As a citizen of India, you must take advantage of this government-backed scheme, which will care for your health through a streamlined ecosystem. This mission for the healthcare infrastructure is the need of the hour!

FAQs on Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission


Which is the nodal agency of ayushman bharat digital mission (ABDM)?

The National Health Authority (NHA) is the implementing agency for ABDM.


What is the use of ABDM?

ABDM aims to create a digital health infrastructure for India. This allows secure storage and access to your medical records, improving healthcare access and portability.


What is the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission Insurance Scheme?

ABDM is not an insurance scheme; it focuses on managing digital health data. However, it can improve access to insurance schemes like the Ayushman Bharat Scheme.


Is Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission mandatory for private hospitals?

While not mandatory, ABDM participation allows hospitals to connect with a wider patient base and streamline processes.


What is a PHR Address?

A PHR (Personal Health Record) address is a unique identifier within ABDM that allows you to control and share your digital health records.


Who owns and manages the NDHM portal?

The National Health Authority (NHA) also owns and manages the NDHM (National Digital Health Mission) portal, which is part of the ABDM ecosystem.

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Amit Raje
Written By :
Amit Raje

Amit Raje is an experienced marketer who has worked in various Fintechs and leading Financial companies in India. With focused experience in Digital, Amit has pioneered multiple digital commerce in India. Now, close to two decades later, he is the vice president and head of the D2C business department. He masters the skill of strategic management, also being certified in it from IIMA. He has challenged his challenges and contributed his efforts in this journey of digital transformation.

Amit Raje
Reviewed By :
Prasad Pimple

Prasad Pimple has a decade-long experience in the Life insurance sector and as EVP, Kotak Life heads Digital Business. He is responsible for developing user friendly product journeys, creating consumer awareness and helping consumers in identifying need for life insurance solutions. He has 20+ years of experience in creating and building business verticals across Insurance, Telecom and Banking sectors

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