ULIPs or Pension Plans – Which is a Better Retirement Plan?
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ULIPs or Pension Plans – Which is a Better Retirement Plan?

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  • 27th Apr 2022
  • 2,659

ULIPs or Pension Plans – Which is a Better Retirement Plan?

No financial planning is ever considered comprehensive without including retirement planning. The requirement for retirement planning grows as average life expectancy rises. Retirement planning provides an additional source of income and aids in coping with medical crises, achieving life goals, and being financially independent. When we talk about choosing an investment option, we have many alternatives to choose from. This article will compare ULIP vs pension plan to understand the schemes better.

ULIP: The Meaning

ULIPs, or Unit-Linked Insurance Plans, offer investors both insurance and investment opportunities. They vary from standard insurance policies in that they invest in a range of assets to produce better returns.

Features of ULIP

  • Flexibility

You can choose how much of your investment should go into properties and what should go into life insurance with ULIP insurance. You also can move between the funds available based on market performance and value

  • Period of Lock-In

ULIPs have a 5-year lock-in duration. You will be fined a penalty fee if you redeem your money before the 5-year term has passed.

  • Tax Benefits

Tax breaks on paid insurance premiums are available in the Income Tax Act of 1961 under Section 80C. Furthermore, as per the Internal Revenue Code, the maturity amount is tax-free under Section 10.

  • Returns on ULIP

Due to the sheer flexibility that ULIP investments provide, long-term ULIP returns are often highly promising. However, that market success determines the majority of the returns.

Pension Plan: The Meaning

Pension plans are annuity solutions designed to provide retirement benefits to policyholders once they retire. The coverage term is normally for the duration of the person’s life, and there are two types of plans: delayed annuity and immediate annuity.

Features of Pension Plan

  • Guaranteed Income/Pension

Depending on where you decide to invest, you can obtain a stable and regular income after retiring (delayed plan) or soon after investing (immediate plan). This will assure that when you retire, you will be financially self-sufficient. In addition, you can use a retirement estimator to get an approximate idea of how much money you’ll need once you retire.

  • Liquidity

The majority of retirement plans are the result of a lack of funds. But on the other hand, some programs enable withdrawals even while the account is being built up that will guarantee the availability of funds in an emergency, rather than needing to depend on bank loans or other funding sources.

  • Age of Vesting

The age at which you will start receiving your monthly pension is called the vesting age. Most pension plans, for instance, have a minimum vesting age of 45 or 50 years. However, it is flexible until you reach the age of 70, while some firms enable you to vest at 90.

  • Payment Timeline

Investors frequently confuse the payment timeline with the investment period, whereas this is the time when you start receiving your pension after you retire. For example, if a pension is received between 60 and 75, the payout duration will be 15 years. Most plans maintain this distinct from the accumulation period, while some do allow partial or complete withdrawals during the accumulation period.

When comparing a pension plan with ULIP to determine the best option, you must understand that both have their perks and features. However, ULIPs outperform pension plans in terms of tax savings, as they are qualified for tax-free status in the Income Tax Act, 1961 under Sections 10D and 80C. Furthermore, ULIPs offer far greater flexibility regarding investment alternatives and deciding what to do with your hard-earned money.

- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life

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