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How Inflation Affects Savings and Investment?

When Inflation increases, your savings or investments may not grow at the same rate as your income. So, the impacts of taxes and inflation on return make your savings and investments work harder.

  • Jan 31, 2023

A dime saved is a dime earned. However, due to economic Inflation, the value of a penny saved may be far less than when it was earned and preserved. The impact of Inflation on our savings and assets is destructive. It is crucial to comprehend the consequences of Inflation on savings and investments. Therefore, investing in savings and investment programs that can mitigate the effects of Inflation on your income is even more crucial.

    Key Takeaways

    The impacts of taxes and Inflation on returns are as follows

  • Bonds and fixed annuities can lose value when inflation rises.
  • Inflation can wipe out all the money you have saved.
  • Inflation can lead to downfalls in your business investments.

What is Inflation?

When prices across the board rise, it’s called Inflation. As the cost of living rises overall, the purchasing power of a single asset falls. When consumer spending increases, Inflation rises. Increasing a country’s monetary base usually leads to higher consumer demand. More consumers mean more money in the hands of merchants, which means higher pricing.
Inflation causes and effects are mainly short-term and have limited consequences. For example, transportation costs increase due to the increase in the price of fuel. On the other hand, several effects of Inflation can last longer than expected and cause great damage.

Impact of Inflation on Savings

Since prices tend to rise over time, Inflation can eat away at your savings as time passes. This is especially obvious when dealing with monetary funds. Twenty years from now, your hidden ₹20,000 might not purchase as much as it does due to Inflation. Inflation reduces your purchasing power, so even if you haven’t lost money per se, your net worth will be lower after a while.

The potential for interest earnings from bank deposits can help mitigate the negative consequences of Inflation. There is a general trend for interest rates to rise during solid Inflation. It eats away your purchasing power over time, but your savings may not increase quickly enough to make up the difference.

Effects of Inflation on Investments

Various investment vehicles will experience varying degrees of vulnerability to Inflation. For instance, Inflation may be detrimental to the profitability of fixed-income assets like bonds since the interest you collect is constant yearly. The effects of Inflation on stock prices are complex. When the economy is doing well, Inflation rises.

Some companies’ rising share prices may result from increased sales. However, the increased cost of labour and supplies will lower a company’s profitability. Whether Inflation is good or bad for a stock might depend on the firm’s success. However, investment in the value of precious metals like gold tends to rise when Inflation rates are high.

How to Prepare Yourself for Inflation?

Most people don’t keep all their funds in the bank since Inflation eats away at their purchasing power over time. However, since the average annual return on stocks and mutual funds is higher than the Inflation rate, some people store a portion of their savings there (although they also carry a risk of lower earnings or loss).

When determining your portfolio’s asset allocation, also consider the Inflation risk. For example, some diversify their portfolios by purchasing gold or Inflation-indexed assets. Inflation is an unavoidable force in the market. You can lessen the impact of Inflation on savings and long-term financial objectives by preparing for it and implementing a sound investing strategy.

Did You Know?

Investing in Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS), equities, government bonds, and precious metals are some of the ways that money might be protected against the effects of Inflation.


Over time, Inflation has a tendency to reduce a consumer’s purchasing power. Fortunately, there are strategies for keeping your savings’ purchasing power intact and negating the impact of taxes and Inflation on return. That entails investing while maintaining a reasonable amount of risk.

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- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life

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