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Tax Saving Tips: Best Ways to Save Income Tax for 2024

Optimize tax savings through diversified investments like Equity-Linked Saving Schemes and strategic contributions to the National Pension System, ensuring a resilient financial strategy for minimizing income tax liabilities and fostering long-term prosperity.

  • 4,957 Views | Updated on: Mar 22, 2024

Every year, individuals are given a renewed opportunity to navigate income tax complexities through strategic and informed planning. Optimizing tax liabilities cannot be overstated, and staying ahead becomes paramount with evolving tax laws.

This article delves into the best tax-saving tips for 2024, offering a comprehensive guide to empower individuals to make judicious financial decisions that minimize tax burdens and pave the way for sustained financial well-being.

What are Tax savings?

The government provides tax-saving opportunities for salaried individuals and the self-employed, aiding in tax reduction. Utilizing exemptions and deductions, such as the popular Section 80C of the Income Tax Act of 1961, allows for potential savings of up to ₹1.5 lakh annually on eligible investments and expenses.

Best Ways to Save Income Tax for 2024

While purchasing an insurance policy has numerous benefits, it is also one of the best ways to save income tax. Some of the best ways to save insurance tax are:

Life Insurance

Life insurance helps you secure your family’s future while saving taxes. Premiums paid towards life insurance are eligible for a tax exemption under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Additionally, the maturity or death benefits received under the plan are exempt from taxation under Section 10 (10D) of the Act.


Unit-linked insurance plans are market-linked plans offering the dual benefit of insurance and investment. ULIPs not only assist with tax saving but also help your money grow. The premiums and maturity/death payouts under ULIPs are subject to the same tax laws as a life insurance policy.

Mutual Funds

While various tax saving instruments help you accumulate wealth, the Equity Linked Saving Scheme (ELSS) has the potential to offer the highest returns, among other 80C options. ELSS helps save up to ₹1,50,000 a year in taxes, and it comes with a lock-in period of three years, the shortest among the other 80C investment options.

Fixed Deposits

Not only do fixed deposits help you inculcate the habit of saving, but are also an efficient tax-saving instrument. The investor can save any amount under a tax-saving fixed deposit and gain an attractive interest, along with the benefit of tax saving for that year. The tax-saving fixed deposit comes with a lock-in period of five years.

Post Office Time Deposit

This is similar to FD, wherein the individual has no limit to the amount that can be invested; however, the minimum amount needed is ₹200 per year. One of its benefits is that it provides an attractive interest rate of 8.5% per annum with a lock-in period of five years. Investments made here are eligible for tax exemption under Section 80C.

National Saving Certificates (NSC)

These can be procured from the post office, and a minimum investment of ₹100 is required. NSCs come in with a lock-in period of 5 and 10 years, and the investments made under NSCs are exempted from taxes up to ₹1,50,000 under Section 80C.

Public Provident Funds (PPFs)

PPFs are commonly known as pension funds, as these have been conventionally used to save for the post-retirement years. PPFs are an amazing instrument for low-risk investors to ensure long-term wealth creation. They have a lock-in period of 14 years. Deposits made under this segment, up to ₹1,50,000 in a financial year, are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

Section 80C Deductions

Leverage deductions available under Section 80C by investing in instruments like the Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC), and Employee Provident Fund (EPF). These investments not only save tax but also offer long-term wealth creation.

Health Insurance Premiums

Premiums paid towards health insurance policies for self, family, and parents are eligible for deductions under Section 80D. This not only safeguards against medical expenses but also reduces taxable income.

Home Loan Interest and Principal Repayments

Home loan borrowers can benefit from tax deductions on interest payments (Section 24) and principal repayments (Section 80C). Utilizing these deductions can significantly reduce the overall tax liability.

Donations to Charitable Institutions

Contributions made to eligible charitable institutions and specified relief funds are eligible for deductions under Section 80G. Individuals can support noble causes while availing of tax benefits.

Education Loan Interest

Interest paid on education loans is eligible for deductions under Section 80E. This provision encourages investment in education and skill development, offering financial relief to borrowers.

Housing Loan for First-Time Homebuyers

First-time homebuyers can claim an additional deduction of ₹1.5 lakh on the interest paid on housing loans under Section 80EEA. This is in addition to the existing benefits of home loan interest.

Importance of Tax Savings

Tax savings is pivotal in shaping an individual’s financial landscape, offering a pathway towards building wealth, achieving financial goals, and ensuring economic resilience.

Enhancing Disposable Income

One of the primary benefits of tax savings is enhancing disposable income. Individuals retain more of their hard-earned money by minimizing tax liabilities through legitimate deductions and exemptions, allowing for increased spending or additional investments.

Facilitating Wealth Creation

Tax-efficient investments, like those under Section 80C or equity-linked saving schemes, foster wealth creation. By directing funds towards avenues that offer tax benefits, individuals save on taxes and participate in the growth potential of these investments.

Achieving Financial Goals

Tax savings play a crucial role in achieving financial goals. Whether it is buying a home, funding education, or planning for retirement, the additional funds accrued through tax savings contribute significantly to realizing these objectives.

Ensuring Retirement Security

Contributions to retirement-focused instruments, such as the National Pension System (NPS), provide dual benefits of tax savings and retirement security. Planning for the future through tax-efficient avenues ensures a comfortable and financially secure retirement.

Building a Financial Safety Net

Tax savings create a financial safety net. The funds saved through strategic tax planning can be allocated towards emergency funds, providing a cushion during unforeseen circumstances such as medical emergencies, job losses, or economic downturns.

How to Plan Your Tax-saving Investments for the Year?

As the financial year progresses, individuals are presented with the opportune time to plan their tax-saving investments strategically. Effective tax planning reduces the burden on your finances and ensures you make the most of the various avenues provided by tax laws.

Evaluate Your Financial Goals

Begin by assessing your short-term and long-term financial goals. Identify areas where tax-saving investments can align with your objectives, whether wealth creation, retirement planning, or purchasing a home.

Contribute to Retirement Funds

Invest in retirement-focused instruments such as the National Pension System (NPS). Contributions to NPS are eligible for deductions under Section 80CCD(1) and Section 80CCD(2), providing dual benefits for tax planning.

Optimize Home Loan Benefits

If you have a home loan, capitalize on its tax benefits. Both principal repayments (Section 80C) and interest payments (Section 24) offer deductions, making home loans an effective tax-saving avenue.

Diversify Investments for Balanced Returns

Diversify your tax-saving portfolio to balance risk and returns. Combining equity-based investments like ELSS with fixed-income options like PPF can provide a well-rounded approach to tax planning.

Utilize Health Insurance Deductions

Invest in health insurance policies for yourself, family, and parents to avail of deductions under Section 80D. The premium paid is eligible for tax benefits, ensuring financial security while reducing tax liability.

Explore Education Loan Interest Deductions

If you or your dependents are pursuing higher education, consider education loans. The interest paid on such loans is eligible for deductions under Section 80E, encouraging investment in education.

Review and Adjust Periodically

Tax laws and financial situations evolve. Periodically review your tax-saving investments to ensure they align with your current financial goals and take advantage of any changes in tax regulations.

Final Thoughts

In 2024, individuals will have many options to plan their tax savings strategically, aligning their financial goals with effective tax-saving instruments. Individuals can confidently navigate income tax complexities by diversifying investments, leveraging deductions under various sections, and staying informed about the evolving tax landscape. As the financial year progresses, adopting these tax-saving tips will reduce the tax burden and contribute to a robust and well-planned financial future.

Key takeaways

  • Explore ELSS funds for both tax benefits and potential equity market growth.
  • Optimize tax and retirement planning through National Pension System (NPS) contributions.
  • Leverage home loan benefits for deductions on interest and principal repayments.
  • Invest in health insurance for comprehensive coverage and Section 80D deductions.
  • Allocate a portion of the portfolio to tax-saving fixed deposits for stability.
  • Utilize Section 80E for education loan interest deductions, aiding higher education pursuits.



How does Income Tax work in India?

Income tax in India is a direct tax levied on the income earned by individuals and entities. The tax is calculated based on the applicable income slab rates. Various exemptions, deductions, and rebates are available to taxpayers to reduce their taxable income.


What do you mean by 80C deduction under Chapter VIA?

Section 80C under Chapter VIA of the Income Tax Act provides deductions for specified investments and expenses, such as contributions to Provident Funds (PF), Public Provident Funds (PPF), National Savings Certificates (NSC), Equity-Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS), and more, up to a maximum of ₹1.5 lakh per financial year.


How can I save more tax on my salary?

To save more tax on your salary, consider investing in tax-saving instruments, maximizing deductions under various sections, utilizing exemptions like House Rent Allowance (HRA), and optimising contributions to retirement schemes like the National Pension System (NPS).


What is Section 80CCD?

Section 80CCD pertains to deductions on contributions made to the National Pension System (NPS). It includes both employee contributions (under 80CCD(1)) and employer contributions (under 80CCD(2)), providing tax benefits to individuals planning for their retirement.


What is the maximum deduction under Section 80D?

The maximum deduction under Section 80D is ₹25,000 for premium payments towards health insurance for self, spouse, and dependent children. An additional deduction of ₹25,000 is available for insurance for parents, with an increased limit for senior citizens.


What is Section 24?

Section 24 of the Income Tax Act allows deductions on the interest paid on home loans. For self-occupied properties, the maximum deduction is ₹2 lakh, while there is no upper limit for properties that are let out.


Who can claim HRA exemption?

Employees receiving House Rent Allowance (HRA) as part of their salary can claim an exemption under Section 10(14) of the Income Tax Act. The exemption is available if the employee pays rent and doesn’t own a house in the employment location.


How can I save tax if I earn ₹15 lakh?

Earning ₹15 lakh provides opportunities for tax planning. Besides utilizing deductions under Section 80C, consider investments in other tax-saving avenues, such as NPS contributions, health insurance premiums, and home loan interest payments.


How to calculate HRA?

HRA is calculated based on factors like actual rent paid, HRA received, and salary. The minimum of three amounts, i.e., 50% of the salary (in metro cities) or 40% (in non-metro cities), the actual rent minus 10% of salary, or the HRA received, is eligible for exemption.

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Amit Raje
Written By :
Amit Raje

Amit Raje is an experienced marketer who has worked in various Fintechs and leading Financial companies in India. With focused experience in Digital, Amit has pioneered multiple digital commerce in India. Now, close to two decades later, he is the vice president and head of the D2C business department. He masters the skill of strategic management, also being certified in it from IIMA. He has challenged his challenges and contributed his efforts in this journey of digital transformation.

Amit Raje
Reviewed By :
Prasad Pimple

Prasad Pimple has a decade-long experience in the Life insurance sector and as EVP, Kotak Life heads Digital Business. He is responsible for developing user friendly product journeys, creating consumer awareness and helping consumers in identifying need for life insurance solutions. He has 20+ years of experience in creating and building business verticals across Insurance, Telecom and Banking sectors

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