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Corporate Bonds: Meaning, Types & Benefits

Corporate bonds are excellent long-term investments that offer regular interest payments to the bondholder and the original investment being returned at the end of the bond term. Read ahead to learn more.

  • 5,061 Views | Updated on: Dec 27, 2023

Corporate bonds are an option of investment for those looking into fixed-income securities. After the financial crisis, the returns on many fixed-income assets dropped, making the corporate bond interest rates more attractive.

Corporate bonds, also known as Non-Convertible Debentures, are issued by organizations and businesses to fulfill the requirement of finances for everyday operations. It can include future expansions and chances for development. Investors who purchase corporate bonds issued by firms are known as bondholders. The payment capabilities of the corporation support these bonds, and they come with interest rates more significant than those offered by the government. This blog will discuss corporate bonds, their types, and how they benefit investors.

What are Corporate Bonds?

A corporate bond is a type of loan that you, as an investor, provide to a corporation. You lend your money to the company when you buy a corporate bond. In return, they promise to repay you the initial amount you invested (the principal) with some interest over a specified period. This is done to offer financial help to the corporation for their functioning and to provide the benefit of returns to the bondholder.

Companies can also opt for debt as an investment option for financial purposes. It is a safer option for them because it does not affect shareholders immediately. Therefore, most companies prefer to issue debt instruments to raise money for their operations. Corporate bank loans can be expensive, depending on the company’s needs.

Corporate Bond Types

As per the market demand, there are various types of corporate bond investments. Here are the five basic types of corporate bonds:

Mortgage Bonds

  • Think of mortgage bonds like home loans for big companies.
  • They are backed by real estate or physical assets.
  • If the company cannot pay, you get a claim on the property.

Collateral Trust Bonds

  • Collateral trust bonds are like a security deposit.
  • They are backed by stocks, bonds, or other assets.
  • If the company defaults, you can sell the collateral to get your money back.

Debenture Bonds

  • Debenture bonds are like IOUs (I Owe You) from companies.
  • Any specific assets do not back them.
  • You are relying on the company’s promise to pay.

Guaranteed Bonds

  • Guaranteed bonds are super safe.
  • They come with a promise from a third party, like a government or another company, to pay if the issuer cannot.

High-Yield Corporate Bonds

  • High-yield corporate bonds are riskier.
  • They offer higher interest rates because the companies issuing them might need more stability.
  • You could make more money, but there is a greater chance of losing it.

Benefits of Investing in Corporate Bonds

If you are wondering about the advantages of investing in corporate bonds, we have you covered. A corporate bond fund is a good investment for the following reasons.

Higher Interest

Corporate bonds’ interest rates typically offer a higher return than government bonds. It provides a tremendous investment if you are searching for better rewards.

Lower Risk

It is essential to evaluate an investment’s potential danger before deciding whether or not to make it. Corporate bonds in India, for that matter, are less at risk. This is because the inflation rate has little effect on these bonds.

Immediate Rewards

These bonds are typically considered to be investments with a shorter duration. It takes a short time to see a return on your investment.

Tax-Efficiency

Depending on your tax bracket, you must pay short-term capital gains tax (STCG) if you hold a corporate bond fund for under three years. Section 112 of the Indian Income Tax, however, imposes a 20% on long-term capital gains tax. It applies to people who have held the bond for over three years.

Did You Know?

Some investors buy corporate bonds not because they want the income from the interest payments but because they believe that the price of the bond will go up. This is known as speculating on the bond market.

In a Nutshell

Corporate bonds are a low-risk acquisition option if you seek an investment that you can use for the short term. In comparison to government bonds, they provide investors with better yields. They come in various types, each with its own unique features, and offer benefits like steady income, safety, diversification, and the potential for capital gains.

So, whether you are a seasoned investor or a newbie in the world of finance, corporate bonds can be a beneficial addition to your investment strategy. Just remember to research, understand the risks, and choose the bonds that align with your financial goals.

Key Takeaways

  • Corporate bonds are an investment in any business or organization that provides regular interest payments to the investor.
  • Mortgage bonds, collateral trust bonds, debenture bonds, guaranteed bonds, and high-yield corporate bonds are different types of corporate bonds.
  • These bonds offer a number of benefits, including higher interest, lower risk, immediate rewards, and tax efficiency.
  • Corporate bonds can be a valuable addition to your investment portfolio, but it is important to do your research and understand the risks involved.

- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life

Amit Raje
Written By :
Amit Raje

Amit Raje is an experienced marketer who has worked in various Fintechs and leading Financial companies in India. With focused experience in Digital, Amit has pioneered multiple digital commerce in India. Now, close to two decades later, he is the vice president and head of the D2C business department. He masters the skill of strategic management, also being certified in it from IIMA. He has challenged his challenges and contributed his efforts in this journey of digital transformation.

Amit Raje
Reviewed By :
Prasad Pimple

Prasad Pimple has a decade-long experience in the Life insurance sector and as EVP, Kotak Life heads Digital Business. He is responsible for developing user friendly product journeys, creating consumer awareness and helping consumers in identifying need for life insurance solutions. He has 20+ years of experience in creating and building business verticals across Insurance, Telecom and Banking sectors

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