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Difference Between Form 16 and Form 16A

While both forms 16 and 16A serve the purpose of providing information about the employee's income and tax deductions, there are some key differences between them.

  • Jun 16, 2022

Updated on: 17 July 2023

Form 16 and 16A are two important documents related to income tax in India. Both forms are issued by employers or deductors to their employees or deductees, respectively, and contain crucial information regarding the income earned and tax deducted at source.

While these forms may appear similar at first glance, there are significant differences between Form 16 and Form 16A. In this article, we present a comparative overview of these forms in a table format to help you understand their distinctions.

    Key takeaways

  • Form 16 is a certificate issued by an employer to its employees.
  • Form 16A is a certificate issued by entities other than employers, such as banks or companies, to individuals who are not in an employer-employee relationship.
  • Form 16 is applicable for individuals who are salaried employees and have taxes deducted at source by their employers.
  • Form 16 is issued annually by the employer. It is usually issued after the end of the financial year (FY) and includes details for the entire financial year.

What is Form 16?

Form 16 is a significant document issued under the Income Tax Act of India, which serves as proof of tax deducted at source (TDS) from the salary of an employee by their employer. It is a certificate that contains details of the salary earned, the tax deducted, and other relevant information required for filing income tax returns.

For employees in India, the employer deducts income tax from their salary on a monthly basis based on the applicable tax slab. These deductions are made under the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961. Form 16 acts as a record of these deductions and provides employees with a summary of their taxable income and tax liability.

What is Form 16A?

Form 16A is a TDS certificate issued by deductors to taxpayers, indicating the amount of tax deducted at source on income other than salary. It is a statement that serves as proof of the tax deducted and deposited with the government by the deductor. Form 16A is primarily applicable to individuals who receive income from sources such as interest, rent, commission, professional fees, etc.

Did You Know?

Form 16 is mandatory for employers to provide to their employees, whereas Form 16A is mandatory for deductors to issue to individuals from whom TDS has been deducted.

Comparison of Form 16 and Form 16A

While Form 16 and 16A may appear similar, they serve distinct purposes.


Form 16

Form 16A


Issued by the employer to salaried employees reflecting salary, deductions, and TDS details for the financial year.

Issued by the deductor (other than the employer) for non-salary payments, such as rent, professional fees, etc., reflecting TDS details for the financial year.

Nature of Income

Salary income

Non-salary income (rent, professional fees, etc.)

TAN (Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number)

Employer’s TAN

Deductor’s TAN

Types of Deductions

Deductions under Section 80C, 80D, etc., if applicable.

No deductions are mentioned.

Taxable Income Calculation

Reflects total salary income, deductions, and exemptions.

Only reflects the TDS deducted on non-salary income.

Use in Tax Filing

Form 16 is used as a primary document for salary income in tax filing.

Form 16A is used as supporting evidence for non-salary income in tax filing.

Part of the TDS Certificate

Part B of Form 16 is the TDS certificate.

Form 16A itself acts as a TDS certificate.

Final Thoughts

Form 16 and Form 16A are important documents that assist individuals in accurately assessing their taxable income and filing their income tax returns. While Form 16 primarily caters to salaried individuals, Form 16A is applicable to non-salary income earners. Understanding the differences between these forms is crucial for individuals to fulfill their tax obligations effectively. By referring to the table above, taxpayers can easily distinguish the purpose, applicability, source of income, deductions, and other key aspects related to Form 16 and Form 16A, ensuring compliance with tax regulations.



What is the purpose of Form 16?

Form 16 is an important document used in India for income tax purposes. It serves as a certificate of TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) and provides information regarding the salary earned by an employee and the taxes deducted by the employer on behalf of the employee during a particular financial year.


What is the purpose of Form 16A?

Form 16A is a document used in India for tax purposes. It serves as a certificate of deduction of tax at source (TDS) and is issued by a deductor to the deductee. The purpose of Form 16A is to provide information about the amount of tax deducted at source by an entity other than an employer and to acknowledge the receipt of this deducted tax by the Income Tax Department.


Where do I get Form 16 from?

Form 16 is issued by your employer, so it’s essential to communicate directly with them to obtain it. If you are an employee in India and you need Form 16, here are a few steps you can take to obtain it:

  • Contact your Employer
  • Check your Email
  • Online Employee Portal
  • Payroll or HR Department

  • 4

    When is Form 16A issued?

    Form 16A is issued on a quarterly basis. According to the income tax regulations in India, deductors are required to issue Form 16A within 15 days from the due date for furnishing the quarterly TDS statement.


    When is Form 16 issued?

    As per the Income Tax Act 1961, Form 16 must be issued by the employer to the employee on or before a specific due date. The due date for issuing Form 16 is generally 15th June of the financial year immediately following the financial year for which the form is being issued.

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