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PPF Withdrawal Rules & Premature Closure - A Complete Guide

Understanding PPF withdrawal rules and premature closure is crucial for effectively managing long-term savings, offering flexibility while ensuring adherence to regulations and maximizing financial benefits.

  • 1,357 Views | Updated on: May 10, 2024

Public Provident Fund (PPF) stands as a cornerstone of financial security and long-term savings for millions of individuals in India. Offering a unique blend of safety, tax benefits, and attractive interest rates, PPF serves as a reliable avenue for individuals to build a substantial corpus for their future needs.

However, understanding the rules governing PPF withdrawals and premature closure is paramount to effectively managing one’s finances and optimizing the benefits offered by this investment avenue.

What is the Public Provident Fund?

The PPF is a long-term investment scheme designed to encourage individuals to cultivate a habit of regular savings while providing tax benefits and attractive interest rates. Launched in 1968, the scheme has since garnered widespread acclaim for its simplicity, safety, and effectiveness in helping individuals achieve their financial goals.

Rules of PPF Withdrawal

The Public Provident Fund (PPF) has been a stalwart in the realm of financial instruments in India, serving as a dependable avenue for individuals to nurture their savings and secure their financial future. Embedded within this scheme are rules governing withdrawals, which serve as a roadmap for account holders to navigate their financial journeys effectively. Understanding these rules is paramount to harnessing the full potential of PPF as a tool for long-term wealth creation and financial stability.

Lock-in Period

The PPF scheme has a lock-in period of 15 years. During this period, withdrawals are restricted, and premature closure of the account is generally not allowed.

Partial Withdrawal

After the completion of five financial years from the date of opening the account, account holders are eligible to make partial withdrawals from PPF accounts. The maximum amount that can be withdrawn is limited to 50% of the balance at the end of the fourth year immediately preceding the year of withdrawal or the amount at the end of the preceding year, whichever is lower.

Frequency of Withdrawals

Partial withdrawals from PPF can be made once per financial year, subject to the aforementioned conditions. The withdrawal should be made in multiples of ₹50, and the account holder must specify the purpose for which the withdrawal is being made.

Premature Closure

Premature closure of a PPF account is allowed only under specific circumstances, such as medical emergencies or higher education expenses. In such cases, the account can be closed after completing five years from the end of the year in which the account was opened. However, a penalty is levied, and the interest rate applicable for premature closure is lower than the normal rate.

Loan Against PPF

Account Holders can avail of loans against their PPF accounts from the third financial year up to the sixth financial year. The maximum loan amount that can be availed is capped at 25% of the balance available in the account at the end of the second financial year immediately preceding the year in which the loan is applied. The interest rate on such loans is usually 1% higher than the prevailing PPF interest rate.

Extension of PPF Account

Upon maturity, account holders have the option to extend the PPF account in blocks of five years. During this extended period, withdrawals are permitted without any restrictions, and the balance continues to earn interest.

Premature Closure of a PPF Account

An account holder may request premature closure of their account, or that of a minor or individual under guardianship, by submitting an application to the designated accounts office in the specified Form. Such premature closure is permitted under the following circumstances:


Premature closure is allowed if the account holder, their spouse, dependent children, or parents are diagnosed with a life-threatening disease. Supporting documents and medical reports confirming the illness from the treating medical authority must be provided.

Higher Education

Premature closure can be requested if the account holder or their dependent children are pursuing higher education. Documentation such as admission confirmation from a recognized institute of higher education, along with fee bills, is required.

Change in Residency Status

Closure may also be requested if there’s a change in the residency status of the account holder. Proof of such change, such as a copy of the passport and visa or income tax return, must be submitted.

However, it is important to note that premature closure of a PPF account is subject to certain conditions:

  • The account cannot be closed before the completion of five years from the end of the year in which it was opened.
  • Upon premature closure, the interest rate applicable will be lower by 1% compared to the rate at which interest has been credited to the account since its opening or extension, as applicable.
  • These regulations are in place to ensure that premature closure is only permitted under genuine circumstances and to discourage early withdrawal of funds from the PPF account.
  • Accountholders are encouraged to carefully consider the implications of premature closure on their long-term financial goals before making such a request.

Final Thoughts

Understanding the PPF withdrawal rules and premature closure provisions is essential for account holders to make informed decisions based on their financial needs. While PPF offers a secure and tax-efficient investment avenue, knowing the withdrawal options ensures flexibility and adaptability to changing circumstances. It is advisable to consult with financial advisors and thoroughly review the terms and conditions before opting for premature closure or withdrawals from a PPF account.

Key takeaways

  • PPF accounts have a lock-in period of 15 years, emphasizing long-term savings goals and discouraging premature withdrawals.
  • After five years, account holders can make partial withdrawals, capped at 50% of the balance or the preceding year’s balance, whichever is lower.
  • Withdrawals can be made once per financial year, in multiples of ₹50, with specified purposes such as medical emergencies or education expenses.
  • Premature closure is permitted under exceptional circumstances like life-threatening diseases or higher education needs, subject to penalties and reduced interest rates.



Can I withdraw money from my PPF account before the completion of 15 years?

Yes, partial withdrawals are allowed after the completion of five financial years from the date of opening the account, subject to certain conditions.


What are the penalties for premature closure of a PPF account?

Premature closure incurs penalties, and the interest rate applicable is lower than the standard rate. It’s advisable to consider these implications before opting for premature closure.


Is there a limit on the frequency of withdrawals from a PPF account?

Yes, withdrawals can be made once per financial year. However, there are no restrictions on the number of withdrawals during the extended period after maturity.


Are withdrawals from a PPF account taxable?

No, withdrawals from a PPF account are tax-free. However, it’s essential to ensure compliance with prescribed limits to avoid potential tax implications.

- A Consumer Education Initiative series by Kotak Life

Amit Raje
Written By :
Amit Raje

Amit Raje is an experienced marketer who has worked in various Fintechs and leading Financial companies in India. With focused experience in Digital, Amit has pioneered multiple digital commerce in India. Now, close to two decades later, he is the vice president and head of the D2C business department. He masters the skill of strategic management, also being certified in it from IIMA. He has challenged his challenges and contributed his efforts in this journey of digital transformation.

Amit Raje
Reviewed By :
Prasad Pimple

Prasad Pimple has a decade-long experience in the Life insurance sector and as EVP, Kotak Life heads Digital Business. He is responsible for developing user friendly product journeys, creating consumer awareness and helping consumers in identifying need for life insurance solutions. He has 20+ years of experience in creating and building business verticals across Insurance, Telecom and Banking sectors

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