What is ITR 5 Form and How to File ITR 5?

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ITR Form 5

Save Tax Now ITR  Form 5

The Income Tax Department has introduced different forms for easy and convenient for ITR Filing. It is important for you to know which form is relevant to your source of income. Based on the same, you need to file the form before the last date of return filing as specified by the Income Tax department. ITR 5 is one such form that is ideal for a specific class of taxpayers. Explained ahead are some important details about ITR 5 filing.

What is ITR Form 5 and who is eligible for it?

ITR Form 5 is a form suitable for bodies such as firms, Body of Individuals (BOIs), Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs), Artificial Juridical Person (AJP), Association of Persons (AOPs), estate of insolvent, estate of deceased, investment fund, business trust, local authority, and co-operative society for filing the ITR. Any individual or entity belonging to the aforementioned categories is eligible for ITR 5 filing.

The structure of ITR Form 5

The ITR 5 Form is divided into two parts—Part A and Part B.

In Part A, you need to provide details, which include general information, balance sheet details on the last day of the financial year, manufacturing account details for the financial year, trading account details for the financial year, profit and loss account information for the financial year, and other information.

In Part B, you are required to furnish details of the computation of your total income and the calculation of tax liability on your total earnings.

Apart from the aforementioned information, the ITR 5 Form also contains details about important aspects of the business. Some key schedules include:

  • Schedule HP – Information about any earnings from house property
  • Schedule CG – Details about any capital gains
  • Schedule BP – Information regarding the calculation of income from business
  • Schedule DCG – Details about any capital gains earned by selling a depreciable asset
  • Schedule DOA – Information about the depreciation of assets
  • Schedule DPM – Details about the depreciation of machinery and/or plant

Notable changes in the ITR-5 Form in AY 2020-21

  • The requirement for information on investments in unlisted equity shares, including
    o the share’s name
    o the company type
    o movement in the investment throughout the financial year
    o your PAN
  • A separate schedule, 112A, to calculate long-term capital gains on the sale of equities of a business trust subject to securities transaction tax (STT)
  • Need to mention details of
    o Tax on secondary adjustments to transfer price under Section 92CE(2A)
    o Tax deduction claims against investments or spending made between 1 April 2020 and 30 June 2020 under Chapter VIA of the Income Tax Act, 1961, which includes:
    ▪ Section 80C (LIC, PPF, NSC, etc)
    ▪ 80D (health insurance)
    ▪ 80G (donations) o Deposits in current accounts, foreign travel expenses and electricity bills paid

Notable changes in the ITR-5 Form in AY 2019-20

The requirement to furnish the following data:
o Recognition from DPIIT as a start-up company
o Declaration filled in Form-2
o Partnership firm details
o Bifurcation of donations through cash and non-cash payment modes
o Gross GST receipt/ turnover reported


How can you file ITR Form 5?

You can file an ITR 5 form online on the website of the Income Tax Department in two ways.

The first way is by furnishing the return using your digital signature, electronically. Another way is to transmit the data and then submit the verification of the return using ITR 5 form.

Once the ITR 5 filing is complete, you need to print a set of its copies. You can retain one copy for your records, and sign and send the second copy by post to Post Bag No.1, Electronic City Office, Bengaluru - 560500. Moreover, if your firm’s accounts need to be audited under Section 44AB, you need to furnish the return electronically with a digital signature.

It is important to note that no document should be provided with the return form when you file the ITR 5 Form. If such documents are attached to the ITR Form 5, they will be removed and handed back to you. You must match the amount of tax deducted,paid, or collected by you or on your behalf with the Tax Credit Statement in Form 26AS.

How to fill out the verification document?

1. Input all necessary details.
2. Check if the data furnished is correct, such as:
o Name
o Address
o contact details
o Filing status
o Audit information
o Income details
o Debts
o Tax liability
o Taxes paid
3. Ensure the document is duly signed or attested.
4. State the designation/ capacity of the person signing/ verifying the return.

How to file income tax returns using ITR-5 form?

Filing Online

1. Visit the Income Tax Department’s official e-filing portal www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in.
2. Electronically transfer the data in the return form.
3. Include your digital signature for electronic verification.
4. If you cannot verify electronically, print out two copies of the ITR-V Form.
5. Sign and send one copy to Post Bag No. 1, Electronic City Office, Bengaluru–560500 (Karnataka) for verification.
6. Retain another copy for your ITR record.

Filing Offline

  • Submit the bar-coded return
  • Submit a physical paper form against an acknowledgement issued by the Income Tax Department

ITR-5 Form Filing Due Dates

  • FY 2019-20 (Assessment Year 2020-21):
    o 10 January 2021 (Non- Audit Cases)
    o 15 February 2021 (Audit Cases)
  • FY 2020-21 (Assessment Year 2021-22): o 31 July 2021 (Non- Audit Cases) o 31 October 2021 (Audit Cases)

Instructions for Filing ITR-5 Form

1. Fill up all the mandatory and applicable fields.
2. Strike out whichever fields do not apply to you/ write “NA”.
3. Write “Nil” to denote zero value.
4. Include “-“ (minus sign) before figures to indicate negative values.
5. Round off all figures to the nearest rupee.
6. Likewise, round off total income, profit, and loss values and payable tax amount to the nearest multiple of ten rupees.
7. Take care not to enter incorrect data to avoid prosecution under Section 277 of the ITA.

After the electronic data transmission, you can verify the returns through:

  • digital signature
  • Authenticating the submission through an electronic verification code (EVC) or Aadhaar OTP
  • Printing out a hard copy of the return verification form ITR-V and sending the duly signed document to the Centralized Processing Centre (CPC) at Bangalore by post

The ITR-V must reach the CPC within 120 days from the date of e-filing.
However, if your returns need to be audited under Section 44AB, you must verify ITR-5 electronically with a digital signature.

Who cannot file the ITR-5 form?

  • Individual assesses
  • Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)
  • Company
  • Taxpayers who must file tax returns in Form ITR-7, under Sections 139(4A), 139(4B), 139(4C), 139(4D), 139(4E) or 139(4F

You can easily file your ITR 5 online in a hassle-free manner. Make sure that the return is filed before the last day to avoid any penalty.

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